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Investigating facilitators and inhibitors of student participation in congregational prayers in Kashan Universities in 2018
Hamed Mirzaei , Sadegh Jafarnejad , Pardis Shadcam , Mohammad Javad Azadchehr , Narjes Sayyadi-Rahaghi , Alireza Shahfazl , Hamid Reza Banafsheh , Amir Ghaderi *
Department of Addiction Studies, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran. , gaderiam@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (131 Views)

Background: Considering that young people are considered as the future makers of the islamic society, the need for recognizing important issues such as how to initiate prayers and participate in prayer in congregation is very important. This study aimed determine the facilitators and inhibitors of student participation in prayer in college students of Kashan University.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, using convenience sampling method, 451 students of Kashan universities (Azad, Ministry of Science, and Medical Sciences) participated in the study. The research instrument was a demographic questionnaire, facilitating and preventing students from attending community prayer. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive statistics (frequency distribution) and inferential statistics (Chi-square and one-sample t-test).

Results: The results of this study showed that students of medical sciences (48.6%) and Azad Islamic University (45.1%) participated in community prayers more than those of the Ministry of Science (33.3%). Participation in community prayer among native students (73.8%) was significantly higher than non-native (34%) students (P<0.001). Among the effective factors in encouraging participation in Congregational Prayer, the factor "belief in reciprocity in attending prayer in congregation" has the highest mean (2.76). Among the factors preventing participation in the congregational prayer, the highest mean (2.41) was attributed to the "length of the prayer of the congregation".

Conclusion: Given the fact that students are future managers and managers of the country, interventions are necessary in order to understand the religious foundations and the benefits of community prayer in the field of youth and students as awareness-raising programs.

Keywords: Congregational Prayer, Students, Facilitating Factors, Preventing Factors
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/06/2 | Accepted: 2019/11/10
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