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The effect of Pilates Exercise on static, dynamic and functional stability of elderly, A Meta-Analysis study
Keyvan Sharifmoradi * , Mansour Saayah , Mohammad thghi Karimi
Department of sport science, school of humanities science, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran , Ksharifmoradi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (57 Views)
Abstract
Background: Increasing the elderly's balance through physical activity not only results in improved health and increases the independence of the elderly, but also reduces the heavy costs associated with the fall which imposed on family and society. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate and summarize the benefits of Pilates exercises on static balance, dynamic balance, functional balance of the elderly. Materials and Methods: The papers which was published from March 2010 to 2018 were included in this study. The Pilates keywords were searched together with aging, elderly, old subjects. The research literature was done in the Medline, Embase, Pubmed, Scopus and SID databases. Results The results of meta-analysis indicated that Pilates exercises had a significant and high effect size (P =0.000) on Time Up and Go time (TUG) (Hedges g=1.078), the significant and moderate effect size on functional Balance (Hedges g=0.685), and the significant and low effect size on static equilibrium (Hedges g = 0.668). Conclusion: The results of this Meta-analysis study showed that Pilates exercises were effective exercises to improve static, dynamic and functional balance, in elderly subjects. More high-quality research is needed to examine the effect of Pilates exercises on other aspects of the balance in elderly as well as assess the effectiveness of Pilates program in longer time and during the follow up program.
Keywords: Meta-analysis, elderly, sport, rehabilitation, Pilates training
     
Type of Study: Review | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2018/09/4 | Accepted: 2019/06/19
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