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The survey of pattern of abusing and causes of addiction tendency in women undergoing methadone maintenance treatment in kashan city in 2017
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Abstract:   (15 Views)
Introduction: The current prevalence rates indicate an increasing trend of substance abuse among women. This study aimed to determine the pattern of consumption and causative factors for tendency to drug abuse in woman referred to addiction treatment centers.
Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of all women referred to addiction treatment centers of kashan in 2017. The research instrument was demographic information questionnaire, causes of drug abuse tendency and structured clinical interviews with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders (SCID) to assess substance abuse disorder. The data were collected and entered to SPSS 21 software, then analyzed using descriptive statistics.
Results: The mean age and onset age of drug abuse were 40±10.3 and 25±6.4 years respectively. Opium was the most common abused drug (81%) and smoking was the most cited method for drug abuse. 10% had history of injection. The main causes of drug tendency were from the perspective of patients; addict family (77%), easy access to drugs (64%), depression and disappointment (56%).
Conclusion: the pattern of drug abuse among women undergoing methadone maintenance treatment in kashan is traditional and is based on the opium derivatives. The addict family was the main cause of drug abuse. Therefore, in order to preventive, it would be necessary to pay more attention to the family of patients as vulnerable groups in planning and to provide training on the causes of drug abuse tendency and prevention.
Keywords: Addiction, women, pattern of consumption, causes of addiction tendency
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/04/17 | Accepted: 2018/08/27
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