[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 5 (Bimonthly 2018) ::
Feyz 2018, 22(5): 532-538 Back to browse issues page
The survey of pattern of abusing and causes of addiction tendency among women undergoing methadone maintenance treatment in Kashan city during 2017-2018
Hamidreza Banafsheh , Azam Mesdaghinia , Fatemeh Sadat Ghoreishi , Hamidreza Gilasi , Zohreh Kashani , Mostafa Gholami , Amir Ghaderi *
Department of Addiction Studies, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I. R. Iran. , gaderiam@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (164 Views)
Background: The current prevalence rates indicate an increasing trend of substance abuse among women. This study aimed at determining the pattern of consumption and causative factors for tendency to drug abuse in woman referred to addiction treatment centers.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the study population was all women referred to addiction treatment centers of Kashan during 2017-2018. The research instrument was a demographic information questionnaire, causes of drug abuse tendency and structured clinical interviews with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders (SCID) to assess the substance abuse disorder.
Results: The mean age and onset age of drug abuse were 40±10.3 and 25±6.4 years, respectively. Opium was the most common abused drug (81%) and smoking was the most cited method for drug abuse. Ten percent of the patients had a history of injection. The main causes of drug tendency from the perspective of the patients were addict family (77%), easy access to drugs (64%), as well as depression and disappointment (56%).
Conclusion: The pattern of drug abuse among women undergoing the method one maintenance treatment in Kashan is traditional on the basis of the opium derivatives. The addict family was the main cause of drug abuse. Therefore, it would be necessary to pay more attention to the family of the patients as vulnerable groups in planning and to provide training on the causes of drug abuse tendency and preventive measures.
Keywords: Addiction, Women, Pattern of consumption, Causes of addiction tendency
Full-Text [PDF 187 kb]   (17 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/04/17 | Accepted: 2018/08/27 | Published: 2018/11/28
1. United Nations Office on Drugs, Crime. World drug report. United Nations Publications; 2016.
2. Amin-Esmaeili M, Rahimi-Movaghar A, Sharifi V, Hajebi A, Radgoodarzi R, Mojtabai R, et al. Epidemiology of illicit drug use disorders in Iran: prevalence, correlates, comorbidity and service utilization results from the Iranian Mental Health Survey. Addiction 2016; 111(10): 1836–47.
3. Ghaderi A, Motmaen M, Abdi I, Rasouli-Azad M. Gender differences in substance use patterns and disorders among an Iranian patient sample receiving methadone maintenance treatment. Electron Physician 2017; 9(9): 5354-62.
4. Bagheri Lankarani K, Alavian SM, Peymani P. Health in the Islamic Republic of Iran, challenges and progresses. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2013; 27(1): 42–9.
5. Lankarani KB, Afshari R. Alcohol consumption in Iran. Lancet 2014; 384(9958): 1927–8.
6. Alam-Mehrjerdi Z, Daneshmand R, Samiei M, Samadi R, Abdollahi M, Dolan K. Women-only drug treatment services and needs in Iran: the first review of current literature. Daru 2016; 24(1): 3.
7. Weinstein A, Weinstein Y. Exercise addiction-diagnosis, bio-psychological mechanisms and treatment issues. Curr Pharm Des 2014; 20(25): 4062-9.
8. Najari F. The evaluation of addiction in female addicts admitted to detoxification centers in Tehran during 1384 and 1385. Islamic Republic Iran Med Council (MJIRI) 2007; 25(4). [in Persian]
9. Nedjat S, Feizzadeh A, Asgharie Sh, Keshtkar AA, Heshmat R, Majdzadeh SR. HIV risk factors in Iran; systematic review, meta-analysis and generalized impact fraction approaches. Payesh J 2006; 6(1). [in Persian]
10. Naghizadeh MM, Rezaei Z, Zarei F, Firoozi E, Ahmadi D. Pattern of Illegal Drug Use in Women Referred to Substance Abuse Control Clinic in Fasa, Iran (2009-2011). J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2014; 3(4): 305-11. [in Persian]
11. Brown TG, Topp J, Ross D. Rationales, obstacles and strategies for local outcome monitoring systems in substance abuse treatment settings. J Subst Abuse Treat 2003; 24(1): 31-42.
12. Rezaee, S. and H. Ekhtiari, Advertising representation, treatment menu and economic circulatio substance misuse treatment centers in Iran: a rapid survey based on newspaper advertisements. Int J Drug Policy, 2014. 25(3): p. 465-70.
13. Vitaro F, Brendgen M, Ladouceur R, Tremblay RE. Gambling, delinquency, and drug use during adolescence: Mutual influences and common risk factors. J Gambl Stud 2001; 17(3): 171-90.
14. Ahmadi J, Hasani M. Prevalence of substance use among Iranian high school students. Addict Behav 2003; 28(2): 375-9.
15. Bizzarri JV, Rucci P, Sbrana A, Gonnelli C, Massei GJ, Ravani L, et al. Reasons for substance use and vulnerability factors in patients with substance use disorder and anxiety or mood disorders. Addict Behav 2007; 32(2): 384-91.
16. [Editorial]. Addiction--a global problem with no global solution. Lancet 2012; 379(9810): 2.
17. Jalilian F, Motlagh FZ, Amoei MR, Hatamzadeh N, Gharibnavaz H, Mirzaei Alavijeh M. Which one support (family, friend or other significant) is much more important to drug cessation. A Study among men Kermanshah addicts, the west of Iran. J Addict Res Ther 2014; 5(174): 2.
18. Zeinali A, Vahdat R, Hamednia S. The study of preaddictional status in addicts and comparison with normal adults. Knowledge Res Applied Psychol 2007; 9(33): 149-68. [in Persian]
19. Molavi P, Rasoulzadeh B. Major factors in youth drug use. JFMH 2004; 1383: 49-55. [in Persian]
20. Sharifi V, Assadi SM, Mohammadi MR, Amini H, Kaviani H, Semnani Y, et al. A persian translation of the structured clinical interview for diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: psychometric properties. Compr Psychiatry 2009; 50(1): 86-91.
21. Suligoi B, Magliochetti N, Nicoletti G, Pezzotti P, Rezza G. Trends in HIV prevalence among drug-users attending public drug-treatment centres in Italy: 1990–2000. J Med Virol 2004; 73(1): 1-6.
22. Ahmadi A, Mohammadi R, Schwebel DC, Yeganeh N, Soroush A, Bazargan-Hejazi S. Familial risk factors for self-immolation: a case-control study. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2009; 18(7): 1025-31.
23. Jalilian F, Irzaei Alavijeh M, Amoei MR, Zinat Motlagh F, Hatamzadeh N, Allahverdipour H. Prevalence and Pattern of Drug Abuse among Prisoners in Kermanshah City. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2013; 1(2): 41-50. [in Persian]
24. Ghoreishizadeh SMA, Torabi K. Factors Contributing to Illicit Substance Dependence among Treatment Seeking Addicts in Tabriz. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol 2002; 8(1): 21-8. [in Persian]
25. Muck R, Zempolich KA, Titus JC, Fishman M, Godley MD, Schwebel R. An overview of the effectiveness of adolescent substance abuse treatment models. Youth Society 2001; 33(2): 143-68.
26. Trends GI. United nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (UNODC). Global Illicit Drug Trends 2002. 2002. New York: United Nation Publication; p. 213-58.
27. Jamshidi Manesh M, Soleimanifar P, Hosseini F, Personal MS. Familial, Social and Economical characteristics of Jailed Addicted Women. Iran J Nursing (IJN) 2005; 17(40): 47- 54. [in Persian]
28. Sh M. Prevalence of cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and illegal drugs use among Iranian adolescents. J Kerman Univ Med Sci 2012; 19(1).
29. Feyzi H, Vaisi Raygani A, Abdi A, Shakeri J, Mardokhian M. The predisposing factors for drug abuse in viewpoints of referrers to Addiction Treatment Centers in Kermanshah. IJRN 2016; 2(2): 47-56.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Banafsheh H, Mesdaghinia A, Ghoreishi F S, Gilasi H, Kashani Z, Gholami M et al . The survey of pattern of abusing and causes of addiction tendency among women undergoing methadone maintenance treatment in Kashan city during 2017-2018 . Feyz. 2018; 22 (5) :532-538
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3581-en.html

Volume 22, Issue 5 (Bimonthly 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3790