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:: Volume 21, Issue 1 (Bimonthly 2017) ::
Feyz 2017, 21(1): 83-93 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on state/trait anxiety and quality of life in women with obesity
Asghar Jafari *, Seyyed Rohollah Shahabi
Department of Psychology, University of Kashan, Kashan, I. R. Iran. , As_Jafari@sbu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2620 Views)

Background: Obesity affects the cognitive, emotional and behavioral functions and usually produces mood and anxiety disorders. The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on promoting quality of life and decreasing anxiety among the obese women.

Materials and Methods: In this pre-post-test designed experimental study with a 2 mouth follow- up, 24 obese women (BMI≥30) were randomly selected in the Obesity Treatment Center in (Tehran, Iran) and assigned in Experimental and Control groups. Data were collected using the questionnaires of anxiety of Spiel-Berger (1970) and quality of life of Viyear (1988). The MBSR interventions of Kabat-Zinn were performed for experimental group in 8 sessions, followed by the assessment of anxiety and quality of life.

Results: The pre- post-test and follow- up scores for quality of life of participants in MBSR program, in terms of general health; physical limitations; physical function; social function; state anxiety and trait anxiety were: (7.66±0.88, 9.50±1.67, 9.58±1.66); (22.83±1.58, 27.91±1.16, 27±1.53); (4.50±0.67, 6.16±1.11, 5±0.95); (2.91± 0.28, 5.91±0.66, 5.75±0.38); (52.25±3.51, 43.08±2.39, 44±2.29) and (68.08±1.78, 46.75±1.71, 47.25±2), respectively. The scores of quality of life was significantly increased in participants in MBSR compared to the Control group (P<0.01). In addition, the scores of state and trait anxiety were significantly decreased (P<0.01).

Conclusion: The results of research provide some evidence to suggest that MBSR is an appropriate therapy for promoting quality of life and decreasing anxiety in obese women.

Keywords: Mindfulness, Anxiety, Quality of life, Obese
Full-Text [PDF 292 kb]   (1074 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/02/28 | Accepted: 2017/02/28 | Published: 2017/02/28
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Jafari A, Shahabi S R. Effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on state/trait anxiety and quality of life in women with obesity. Feyz. 2017; 21 (1) :83-93
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3285-en.html


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