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:: Volume 22, Issue 1 (Bimonthly 2018) ::
Feyz 2018, 22(1): 57-66 Back to browse issues page
The effect of aerobic exercise and barley β-glucan on blood glucose, body composition and blood pressure of diabetic women
Fatemeh Mokhtari *, Fahimeh Esfarjani, Mehdi Kargar-Fard
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, I. R. Iran. , fa.moztar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (17779 Views)
Background: The incidence of type 2 diabetes increases with aging, unhealthy diets, obesity and sedentary lifestyles. The aim of this study was to investigate the combinational effect of a 12-week aerobic exercise and barley β-glucan (BBG) on blood glucose, body composition and blood pressure in women with type 2 diabetes.
Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 24 women with the mean age of 49 years and a blood glucose level of 110-280 mg/dl were purposefully selected and  randomly divided into three groups: a) group of aerobic exercise with diet (n=8), b) diet group (n=8) c) control group (n=8). The diet group consumed one barley bread, containing 4 g of β glucan, each day for 12 weeks. The group of aerobic exercise, who was on diet, participated in a progressive walking program with the intensity of %60-70% of maximal heart rate in addition to diet program (barley bread). Blood glucose, weight, fat percentage, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels were measured in pre-and post-training.
Results: Results showed a significant decrease in the blood glucose level in the experimental groups compared to the control group, while no major changes were observed in body composition and blood pressure.
Conclusion: It seems that the combined program (aerobic training with diet) or consumption of β-glucan alone can decrease blood glucose in patients with diabetes.
Keywords: Aerobic exercise, Type 2 diabetes, Blood glucose, Body fat percentage, Barley β-glucan
Full-Text [PDF 316 kb]   (504 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/19 | Accepted: 2017/11/21 | Published: 2017/12/13
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Mokhtari F, Esfarjani F, Kargar-Fard M. The effect of aerobic exercise and barley β-glucan on blood glucose, body composition and blood pressure of diabetic women . Feyz. 2018; 22 (1) :57-66
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3208-en.html

Volume 22, Issue 1 (Bimonthly 2018) Back to browse issues page
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