[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 17, Issue 6 (Bimonthly 2014) ::
Feyz 2014, 17(6): 597-601 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating the prevalence of pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriers and the related risk factors among students in Kashan
Hamed Mirzaee, Rezvan Moniri *, Ahmad Piroozmand, Mahdi Valipour, Maryam Rezaei, Maryam Yasini, Sayyed Gholam Abbas Mousavi
Kashan University of Medical Sciences , moniri@kaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4673 Views)

Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae, as an important human pathogen, is a leading cause of serious infections (e.g., sepsis, pneumonia and meningitis). Nasopharyngeal colonization is often the first step in the development of pneumococcal infections. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of S. pneumoniae serotypes in the nasopharynx of students in Kashan and its related risk factors.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1289 students in Kashan from November 2011 to December 2012. Demographic and clinical data were collected from patients using a questionnaire. Samples were cultured on a selective media. Moreover, S. pneumoniae strains were identified using gram staining, detecting alpha hemolysis, catalase, optochin susceptibility and bile solubility tests.

Results: One-hundred eighty one out of 1289 (14%) students were carriers for nasopharyngeal S. pneumoniae. There was a significant correlation between sex, age, previous respiratory infections, asthma, runny nose and previous hospitalization with an increased rate of the pneumococcal carriers.

Conclusion: According to the high prevalence of pneumococcal carriers and a significant correlation between increased rates of colonization and sex, age, previous respiratory infections, asthma, runny nose and previous hospitalization, applying preventive strategies such as student vaccination seems to be necessary.

Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Nasopharyngeal carriers, Students
Full-Text [PDF 209 kb]   (1193 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2013/12/3 | Accepted: 2013/12/3 | Published: 2013/12/3
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mirzaee H, Moniri R, Piroozmand A, Valipour M, Rezaei M, Yasini M et al . Evaluating the prevalence of pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriers and the related risk factors among students in Kashan. Feyz. 2014; 17 (6) :597-601
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-2115-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 6 (Bimonthly 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3991