[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Indexing Sources::
Guide for Authors::
Online Submission::
Articles archive::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Basic and Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 26, Issue 6 (Bimonthly 2022) ::
Feyz 2022, 26(6): 691-702 Back to browse issues page
Comparison the effectiveness of group positive behavioral therapy and group cognitive-behavioral therapy on cognitive flexibility among women with breast cancer
Mona Danaei Kousha , Samaneh Sadat Tabatabaei , Fatemeh Shahabizadeh , Ghasem Ahi
Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, I.R. Iran. , Tabatabaee88@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (932 Views)
Background: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women, and according to the report of the World Health Organization, this statistic has been increasing in recent years. So, the present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of group positive behavioral therapy and group cognitive-behavioral therapy on cognitive flexibility among women with breast cancer.
Materials and Methods: The present study was an experimental study. The selected statistical population of the study included all women with breast cancer who referred to the breast clinic of Milad Hospital in 1400. Among the clients, 45 people were selected by random face sampling. People were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group (15 people). The experimental groups underwent cognitive-behavioral and positive therapy in 8 weekly sessions of 90 minutes. Dennis and Vanderwaal's cognitive flexibility questionnaire was used to collect information. The data was analyzed using multivariate covariance analysis with SPSS-20 software.
Result: The results indicated a significant difference in the effect of the two treatments on the variable scores of cognitive flexibility (P<0.05). Although the positive group therapy was effective on all three components of cognitive flexibility, the cognitive behavioral therapy group had a greater effect on the cognitive flexibility of women with breast cancer than the positive therapy group.
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the use of cognitive behavioral therapy and positive behavioral therapy can improve the cognitive flexibility of women with breast cancer. So, the use of these methods is recommended by counselors and psychologists in clinics and hospitals.
Keywords: Positive behavioral therapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Cognitive flexibility, Breast cancer
Full-Text [PDF 371 kb]   (405 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2022/09/7 | Revised: 2023/02/22 | Accepted: 2022/12/6 | Published: 2023/02/22
1. Ahmadzadeh L, Vaezi M, Sodagar S, Golmohammad Nazhad GR. The Effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Adopted for Couples Compared with Integrative Couple Therapy on Marital Conflicts of Couples with Breast Cancer. IJBD 2019; 12(3): 47-59. [in Persian]
2. Sung Hyuna. "Global cancer statistics: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries." CA: a cancer J Clinicians 2021; 71(3): 209-49.‌
3. Taleghani F, Parsa Yekta Z, Nikbakht Nasrabidi A. "Coping with breast cancer in newly diagnosed Iranian women". J Advanced Nursing 2006; (54): 268-73. [in Persian]
4. McDonald Brenna C. "Frontal gray matter reduction after breast cancer chemotherapy and association with executive symptoms: a replication and extension study. BBI 2013; (30): 117-25.
5. Nyhus, Erika, Francisco Barceló. "The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and the cognitive assessment of prefrontal executive functions: a critical update." Brain Cogn 2009; 71(3): 437-51.
6. Lie Chuh-Hyoun. "Using fMRI to decompose the neural processes underlying the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test." Neuroimage 2006; 30(3): 1038-49.
7. Woods SP. "Preliminary evidence for impaired rapid verb generation in schizophrenia." Brain Lang 2007; 102(1): 46-51.
8. Jacques S, Zelazo PD. On the possible roots of cognitive flexibility. In B. D. Homer and C. S. Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.), the development of social cognition and communication. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum; 2005.
9. Hayes SC, Strosahl KD. Wilson KG. Acceptance and commitment therapy: The process and practice of mindful change 2015.
10. Kesler S, Hosseini SH, Heckler C, Janelsins M, Palesh O, Mustian K, et al. "Cognitive training for improving executive function in chemotherapy-treated breast cancer survivors." Clin Breast Cancer 2013; 13(4): 299-306.
11. Moghaddam M, Makoundi B, Pure Nature C. The effect of cognitive-behavioral 2015. [in Persian]
12. Stilley, Carol S. "The impact of cognitive function on medication management: three studies. HP 2010; 29(1): 50-67.
13. Correa DD, Ahles TA. Ahles. "Neurocognitive changes in cancer survivors. Cancer J 2008; 14(6): 396-400.
14. Wefel JS, Schagen SB. "Acute and late onset cognitive dysfunction associated with chemotherapy in women with breast cancer." J Cancer 2010; 116 (14): 3348-56.
15. Marrero RJ, Carballeira M, Martín S, Mejías M, Hernández JA. Effectiveness of a positive psychology intervention combined with cognitive behavioral therapy in university students. Congress Ann Psychol 2016; 32(3): 728-40.
16. Nagata S, Seki Y, Shibuya T, Yokoo M, Murata T, Hiramatsu Y, Kusunoki M. Does cognitive behavioral therapy alter mental defeat and cognitive flexibility in patients with panic disorder? BMC 2018; 11(1): 1-7.
17. Akbari M. The effect of group thinking positive teaching on spiritual intelligence and problem solving skills of seventh grade female students in District 2 of Tehran province. Master Thesis in Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch 2015. [in Persian]
18. Pourfaraj M, Reza Zadeh H. The effectiveness of positive behavioral therapy on happiness and life expectancy of cancer patients. C.C.P 2018; 9(33): 119-36. [in Persian]
19. Linley PA, Burns GW. Happiness, healing, enhancement your casebook collection for applying positive psychology in therapy. Burns WG 2010; 9(32): 3-14.
20. Rostami M, Younesi SJ, Molly G, Farhoud D, Biglardian A. Evaluation of the effectiveness of mental rehabilitation based on positive thinking skills training on increasing the happiness of deaf adolescents. Audiology 2015; 23 (3): 45-39. [in Persian]
21. Uliaszek A, Rashid T, Williams G. Group Therapy for University Students: A Randomized Control Trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Positive Psychotherapy. BRT 2015; 23(6): 34-51.
22. Lü W, Wang Z, Liu Y. A pilot study on changes of cardiac vagal tone in individuals with low trait positive affect: The effect of positive psychotherapy. Int J Psychophysiol 2013; 6(88): 213–7.
23. Ghasemi A, Abedi A, Baghban I. The effectiveness of group training based on Snyder's theory on the happiness of the elderly. KRA 2009; 4(41): 17-40. [in Persian]
24. Chaves C, Gomez I, Hervas G, Vazquez C. A comparative study on the efficacy of a positive Pschology intervention and a cognitive behavioral therapy for clinical depression. CTR 2016; 41(3): 1-17.
25. Sarmad Z, Hejazi E, Bazargan A. Research Methods in Behavioral Sciences, Agah Publications 2012. [in Persian]
26. Delavar A. Theoretical and practical foundations of research in humanities and social sciences. Tehran: Roshd Publications 2014. [in Persian]
27. Rahmani S, Haji Rasooliha Z, Roshandel Z, Ghaedi F, Mohammadpour S, Dennis JP, et al. The cognitive flexibility inventory: Instrument development and estimates of reliability and validity. CTR 2010; 14(34): 241–53. [in Persian]
28. Cobb B, Sample P. L, Alwell M, Johns NR. Cognitive—Behavioral Interventions, Dropout, and Youth With Disabilities: A Systematic Review. RSE 2006; 27(5): 259-75.
29. Hosseini Dowlatabadi F, Saadat S, Ghasemi Jobaneh R. Relationship between parenting styles, self-efficacy and attitude to delinquency among high school students. J Criminal Law 2013; 4(2): 67-88. [in Persian]
30. Solaz Portolés JJ, Sanjosé López V, Gómez López Á. Aprendizaje basado en problemas en la Educación Superior J Clin Psychol 2011; 8(22): 149- 137
31. Rose VK. Socio structural determinants of diabetes self-management: test of a self-efficacy model. Sydney: University of New South Wales. 2007 Dec.
32. Siebolds M, Gaedeke O, Schwedes U. Selfmonitoring of blood glucose: psychological aspects relevant to changes in HbA1c. in type 2 diabetic patients treated with diet or diet plus oral antidiabetic medication. Patient Educ Couns 2006; 1(62): 104-10.
33. Khanjani M. The Effectiveness of Positive Psychotherapy on Satisfaction with Life, Optimism and Positive Affections in Students, Quarterly J Clin Psychol 2017; 7(27): 159- 37. [in Persian]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Danaei Kousha M, Tabatabaei S S, Shahabizadeh F, Ahi G. Comparison the effectiveness of group positive behavioral therapy and group cognitive-behavioral therapy on cognitive flexibility among women with breast cancer. Feyz 2022; 26 (6) :691-702
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-4700-en.html

Creative Commons License
This open access journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial ۴.۰ International License. CC BY-NC ۴. Design and publishing by Kashan University of Medical Sciences.
Copyright ۲۰۲۳© Feyz Medical Sciences Journal. All rights reserved.
Volume 26, Issue 6 (Bimonthly 2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی فیض Feyz Medical Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 46 queries by YEKTAWEB 4642