[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2018) ::
Feyz 2018, 22(3): 333-338 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of anti-Neospora caninum antibody presence in cow's milk in Kashan
Mohammadreza Hadadi , Reza Sherafati , Mahdi Delavari * , Mohsen Arbabi , Hamidreza Gilasi , Alireza Abed
Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I. R. Iran. , mdelavari1@gmail.com
Abstract:   (232 Views)
Background: Neosuporosis is caused by a parasitic protozoan called Neospora caninum. This parasite can infect different species of domestic and wild animals. Some studies have reported the possibility of human infection with this parasite. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-Neospora caninum antibody in raw milk of cattle in Kashan city.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 187 milk samples were collected from two industrial farms in Kashan. The breed of all cows was Holstein. Before sampling, the livestock information such as age, race, history of abortion and stillbirth, the daily milk yield was recorded in the prepared forms. Fat of the samples was separated by centrifuge and lactoserums were collected. To determine anti-Neospora caninum antibody in milk samples, an indirect ELISA kit was used.
Results: Results showed that 18.8% (CI=18.18±5.53) of the samples were infected with Neospora caninum. No significant relationship was found between the infection with this protozoa and milk production and age of the cows (P=0.84). Also, the results showed that there was no significant relationship between abortion and infection with Neospora.
Conclusion: Considering the contamination rate of cow's milk in Kashan, the implementation of control programs in livestock has great importance. Also, considering the possibility of human infection with Neospora, the need for attention to these control programs is more and more evident.
Keywords: Neospora caninum, Cow's milk, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 212 kb]   (51 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2018/04/24 | Accepted: 2018/07/4 | Published: 2018/08/4
References
1. Gondim LF, McAllister MM, Pitt WC, Zemlicka DE, et al. Coyotes (Canis latrans) are definitive hosts of Neospora caninum. Int J Parasitol 2004; 34(2): 159-16.
2. King JS, Slapeta J, Jenkins DJ, Al-Qassab SE, Ellis JT, Windsor PA, et al. Australian dingoes are definitive hosts of Neospora caninum. Int J Parasitol 2010; 40(8): 945-50.
3. Dubey JP, Jenkins MC, Rajendran C, Miska K, Ferreira LR, Martins J, et al. Gray wolf (Canis lupus) is a natural definitive host for Neospora caninum. ‎Vet Parasitol 2011; 181(2-4): 382-7
4. Dubey JP. Neosporosis in cattle. Vet Clin Food Anim 2005; 21(2): 473-83.
5. Dubey JP. Review of Neospora caninum and neosporosis in animals. Korean J Parasitol 2003; 41(1): 1-16.
6. Pena HF. Soares RM, Ragozo AM, Monteiro RM, Yai LE, Nishi SM, Gennari SM. Isolation and molecular detection of Neospora caninum from naturally infected sheep from Brazil. Vet Parasitol 2007; 147(1-2): 61-6.
7. Lobato J, Silva DAO, Mineo TWP, Amaral JDHF, Segundo GRS, Costa-Cruz JM, et al. Detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies to Neospora caninum in humans: high seropositivity rates in patients who are infected by human immunodeficiency virus or have neurological disorders. Clin Vaccine Immunol 2006; 13(1): 84-89.
8. Tranas J, Heinzen RA, Weiss LM, McAllister MM. Serological evidence of human infection with the protozoan Neospora caninum. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 1999; 6(5): 765-7.
9. Dubey JP, Schares G. Neosporosis in animals – The last fiveyears. Vet Parasitol 2011; 180(1-2): 90-108.
10. Hemphill A, Gottstein B. Neospora caninum and neosporosisrecent achievements in host and parasite cell biology andtreatment. Acta Parasitol 2006; 51(1): 15-25.
11. Bjorkman C, Johansson O, Stenlund S, Holmadahi OJ, Uggla A. Neosporaspecies infection in herd dairy cattle. J AM Vet Med Assoc 1996; 208(9): 1441-4.
12. Trees AJ, Williams DJ. Endogenous and exogenous transplancental Infection in Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii. Terends Parasiol 2005; 21(12): 558-61.
13. Frossling J, Uggla A,B ojork man C. Prevalence and trans mission of Neospora caninum within infect Swedish dairy herd. Vet Parasiol 2005; 128(3-4): 209-218.
14. Dubey JP, Schares G. Diagnosis of bovin neosporiosis. Vet Parasitol 2006; 140(1-2): 1-34.
15. Dubey JP, Schares G, Ortega-Mora Clin, LM. Epidemiology and Control of Neosporosis and Neospora caninum. Clin Microbiol Rev 2007; 20(2): 323 -67.
16. Hernandez J, Risco C, Donovan A. Association between exposure to Neospora caninum and milk production in dairy cows. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001; 219(5): 632–5.
17. Hurley WL, Theil PK. Perspectives on Immunoglobulins in Colostrum and Milk. Nutrients 2011; 3(4): 442-74.
18. Schares G, Bärwald A, Staubach C, Wurm R, Rauser M, Conraths FJ, et al. Adaptation of a commercial ELISA for the detection of anti body against Neospora caninum in the bovine milk. Vet Parasiol 2004; 120(1-2): 55-63.
19. Wapenaar W, Barkema HW, O’Handley RM, Bartels CJ. Use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in bulk milk to estimate the prevalence of Neospora caninum on dairy farms in Prince Edward Island. Can Vet J 2007; 48 (5): 493-9.
20. Moskwa B, Cabaj W. The role of the colostrum and milk in Neospora caninum transmission. Helminthologia 2007; 44(3): 126-9.
21. Lobato J, Silva DA, Mineo TW, Amaral JD, Segundo GRS, Costa-Cruz J.M, et al. Detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies to Neospora caninum in humans: high seropositivity rates in patients who are infected by human immunodeficiency virus or have neurological disorders. Clin Vaccine Immunol 2006; 13(1): 84-9.
22. Tranas J, Heinzen RA, Weiss LM, McAllister MM. Serological evidence of human infection with the protozoan Neospora caninum. Clin Diagn Lab Immun 1999; 6(5): 765-7.
23. Taheri Lak K, Sadraei J, Dalimi A. Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in milk samples from dairy farms in the Shahriyar. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 2017; 2(115): 142-6.
24. Youssefi M. Ebrahimpour RS, Esfandiari B. Survey of Neospora Caninum Antibody in Aborting Cattle from Three Climate Regions of Iran. World Appl Sci J 2010; 10(12): 1448-51.
25. Barling KSو McNeill JW, Paschal JC, McCollum FT, Craig TM, Adams LG, et al. Ranch-management factors associated with antibody seropositivity for Neospora caninum in consignments of beef calves in Texas USA. Prev Vet Med 2001; 52(1): 53-61.
26. Corbellini LG, Driemeier D, Cruz CF, Gondim LF, Wald V. Neosporosis as a cause of abortion in dairy cattle in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. Vet Parasitol 2002; 103(3): 195-202.
27. Lindsay DS, Dubey JP, Duncan RB. Confirmation that dogs are definitive host for Neospora caninum. Vet Parasitol 1999; 82 (4): 327-33.
28. Gerald W. Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Humans, Second Edition. J Parasitol 2010; 96(5): 940.
29. Razmi GR, Mohammadi GR, Garrosi T, Farzaneh N, Fallah AH, Maleki M. Sero epidemiology of neospora caninum infection in dairy cattle herds in mashad area. Vet Parasiol 2006; 135(2): 187-9.
30. Fard SR, Khalili M, Aminzadeh A. Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in cattle in Kerman province, South East Iran. Veterinarski Arhiv 2008; 78(3): 253
31. Hajikolaei H, Rahim M, Hamidinejat H, Ghorbanpoor M, Goraninejad S. Serological study of Neospora caninum infection in cattle from Ahvaz area, Iran. Int J Vet Res 2008; 2(2): 63-6.
32. Salehi N, Haddadzadeh HR, Shayan P, VodjganiM, Bolourchi M. Serological study of Neospora caninum in pregnant dairy cattle in Tehran, Iran. Int J Vet Res 2010; 4(2): 113-6.
33. Sadrebazzaz A, Haddadzadeh H, Esmailnia K, Habibi G, Vojgani M, Hashemifesharaki R. Serological prevalence of Neospora caninum in healthy and aborted dairy cattle in Mashhad, Iran. Vet Parasiol 2004; 124(3-4): 201-4.
34. Sadrebazzaz A, Habibi G, Haddadzadeh H, Ashrafi J. Evaluation of bovine abortiob associated with Neospora caninum by differenet diagnostic techniques in Mashhad, Iran. Parasitol Res 2007; 100(6): 1257-60.
35. Hurkova L, Halova D, Modry M. The prevalence of Neospora caninum antibodies in bulk milk of dairy herds in the Czech Republic: a case repor. Vet Med Czech 2005; 50(12): 549-52.
36. Ibrahim HM, Huang P, Salem TA, Talaat RM, Nasr MI, Xuan X, Nishikawa Y. Prevalence of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in northern Egypt. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009; 80(2): 263-7.
37. Frossling J, Dtvedt A, Lindberg A, Rkman C. Spatial analysis of Neospora caninum distributio cattle from Sweden. Geospat Health 2008; 3(1): 39-45.
38. Moayer F, Badiei A. Histopathological fnding of aborted fetuses caused by Neosporosis in dairy herds of Tehran. European Society Veterinary Pathology 25th Meeting 2006; 3: 155-66.
39. Moskwa B, Cabaj W. The role of the colostrum and milk in Neospora caninum transmission. Helminthologia 2007; 44(3): 126-9.
40. Graham DA, Calvert V, Whyte M, Marks J. Absence of serological evidence for human Neospora caninum infection. Vet Rec 1999; 144(24): 672-3.
41. Tranas J, Heinzen RA, Weiss LM, McAllister MM. Serological evidence of human infection with the protozoan Neospora caninum. Clin Diagn Lab Immun 1999; 6(5): 765-7.
42. Nam HW, Kang SW, Choi WY. Antibody reaction of human anti-Toxoplasma gondii positive and negative sera with Neospora caninum antigens. Korean J Parasitol 1998; 36(4): 269-75.
43. Corbellini LG, Smith DR, Pescador CA, Schmitz M, Correa A, Steffen DJ, Driemeier D. Herd-level risk factors for Neospora caninum seroprevalence in dairy farms in southern Brazil. Prev Vet Med 2006: 74(2-3): 130–41.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hadadi M, Sherafati R, Delavari M, Arbabi M, Gilasi H, Abed A. Evaluation of anti-Neospora caninum antibody presence in cow's milk in Kashan. Feyz. 2018; 22 (3) :333-338
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3588-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3752