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Seroepidemiology of neospora caninum infection in Kashan cow's milkEvaluation of anti-neospora caninum antibody presence in Kashan cow's milk
Mohammadreza Hadadi , Reza Sherafati , Mahdi Delavari * , Mohsen Arbabi , Hamidreza Gilasi , Alireza Abed
, mdelavari1@gmail.com
Abstract:   (62 Views)
Background:Neosuporosis is caused by a parasitic protozoan called neospora cannium, which is belonging to apicomplexa phylum. This parasite can infect different species of domestic and wild animals, including cattle, sheep, goats and dogs. Some studies have reported the possibility of human infection with this parasite. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-neospora antibody in raw milk of cattle in Kashan city.
 
Materials and Methods: 187 milk samples were collected from two industrial farms in Kashan. The breed of all cows was Holstein. Before sampling, the livestock information such as age, race, history of abortion and stillbirth, the daily milk yield was recorded in the prepared forms. Fat of samples were seperated by centrifuge and lactoserums were collected. The collected lactoserums were stored in a -70 0 C until the ELISA test. To determine anti-neospora antibody in milk samples French indirect ELISA kit was used. Chi-square test was used to analyze the data.
 
Results: 18.8 % (CI=18.8±2.86) of samples were infected with neospora caninum. No significant correlation was found between the infection with this protozoa and milk production and age of cows (P=0.84).Also, statistical analysis showed that there was no significant relationship between abortion and infection with neospora.
 
Conclusion: Considering the contamination rate of cow's milk in Kashan, the adoption of control programs in livestock has great importance. Also, considering the possibility of human infection with Neospora, the need for attention to these control programs is more and more evident.
 
Keywords: Neospora caninum, Cow milk, Kashan
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2018/04/24 | Accepted: 2018/07/4
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