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نقش الگوهای تمرینات هوازی بر یادگیری و عملکرد حافظه: یک مقاله مروری
مهناز سینایی ، فرزاد ناظم* ، حجت الله علایی ، اردشیر طالبی
گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران ، Farzadnazem2@gmail.com
چکیده:   (791 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: پژوهش‌های دهه‌های اخیر، مداخله تمرینات ورزشی را به‌عنوان بخش برجسته سبک زندگی در مسیر افزایش عملکرد یادگیری و حافظه افراد نشان می‌دهند. بااین‌حال، هنوز سهم اندازه‌ی شدت کار و شیوه اجرای آن بر عملکرد بافت مغز به‌روشنی مشخص نیست. هدف این مطالعه، مرور غیرسیستماتیک در سازوکارهای رفتاری و برخی سلولی، با تأکید بر تأثیر تمرینات هوازی بر یادگیری و حافظه گونه‌های حیوانی و انسانی است.
مواد و روش‌ها: روش دسترسی به مقالات علمی بااستفاده از بانک‌های اطلاعاتی و کاربست کلیدواژه‌های تمرین هوازی، حافظه و یادگیری انجام گرفت. بازه زمانی جستجوی مقالات، از سال 2019-1999 میلادی است. سپس از 120 مقاله، 107 مورد مطالعه واجد شرایط پیرامون نقش ورزش هوازی بر سیستم عصبی انتخاب شد.
نتایج: براساس این یافته‌ها، مداخله منظم تمرینات هوازی (زیربیشینه) در گونه ­های حیوانی رت و انسان اثر معنی‌داری بر یادگیری و حافظه داشته است؛ برخی پژوهش‌ها نیز از عدم تأثیر مداخله طولانی­مدت تمرین هوازی، در افزایش یادگیری و حافظه حکایت داشت؛ اما همچنان، برآیند مثبت الگوهای تمرینات ورزشی بر نتایج اثرات منفی آن بر حافظه برتری دارد. با این حال برای بررسی نقش پارامترهای اندازه شدت کار، مدت و نوع ورزش بر کارکرد شناختی یادگیری و مطالعه نوروپپتیدهای جدید در بافت مغز به جستجوی علمی بیشتری نیاز هست.
نتیجه‌گیری: به­ نظر می‌رسد که نقش توان‌بخشی پروتکل‌های ورزش هوازی برای افزایش بازده سطح یادگیری با اهمیت باشد. همچنین نقش این عوامل در پیشگیری و درمان احتمالی بیماری‌های دستگاه اعصاب مرکزی وابسته به حافظه، قابل‌تأمل می‌باشد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: تمرین هوازی، حافظه، یادگیری
متن کامل [PDF 484 kb]   (622 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مروري | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: ۱۳۹۷/۱۱/۳۰ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۸/۶/۲۴ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۹/۲۵
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Sinaei M, Nazem F, Alaei H, Talebi A. The role of aerobic exercise training patterns on learning function and memory performance: A review article. Feyz. 2019; 23 (5) :563-577
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3823-fa.html

سینایی مهناز، ناظم فرزاد، علایی حجت الله، طالبی اردشیر. نقش الگوهای تمرینات هوازی بر یادگیری و عملکرد حافظه: یک مقاله مروری. دوماه نامه علمي ـ پژوهشي فيض. 1398; 23 (5) :563-577

URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3823-fa.html



دوره 23، شماره 5 - ( دوماه نامه 1398 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
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