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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (Quaterly 2009) ::
Feyz 2009, 12(4): 78-82 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among the geriatric and disabled in Golabchi Center of Kashan during 2006-2007
Sima Rasti *, Mohsen Arbabi, Hossein Hooshyar
, Rasti_s@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10384 Views)

Background: Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the major health problems in the world, especially in developing countries. The prevalence of infection in Iran varies among different social groups. As the geriatric are high risk group, the present study was carried out in order to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites in geriatric anddisabled residents of Kashan Golabchi Center, during 2006-2007.

Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study a total of 297 stool samples (obtained from 243 geriatric and disabled and 54 office personnels) were randomly collected and examined by both direct, and formalin ether concentration methods. The demographic data (i.e. sex and age) and confidence interval were recorded for the study. X2 test was used for statistical analysis.

Results: One hundred ninety one (78.6%) out of 243 geriatric and disabled were infected with pathogen and nonpathogenic intestinal parasites (CI=78.6 ± 5.16). The prevalence of pathogenic intestinal parasites was 42.9%. Infection rate in the male disabled was higher than that in the female (P=0.001). The prevalence of pathogenic protozoa was as follows: Blastocystis hominis, 33.3% Entamoeba histolytica/ E.dispar, 16.5 % Giardia lamblia, 4.5% and Dientamoeba fragilis, 1.6%. Also the prevalence of nonpathogenic protozoa was: Entamoeba coli, 49.4% Chilomastix mesnili, 23.5% Entamoeba hartmanni, 23.9% Endolimax nana, 11.5% and Iodamoeba butschlli, 6.6%.

The prevalence of helminthes infections was as follows: Taenia, 1.6% Hymenolepis nana, 0.8% Strongyloides stercoralis, 0.4% and Enterobius vermicularis, 1.6%.

 Infection rate in the office personnel was 49.3%. The prevalence of Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba coli and Enterobius vermicularis was 31.5%, 20.4% and 8.5%, respectively. Regarding the severity of infection, 42.8% were infected with one parasite, 24% with two parasites, 18.2% with three parasites and 15% with more than four parasites.

Conclusion : Infection with intestinal parasites, especially pathogenic parasites, was higher than what was expected. Considering the importance of parasitic infection in geriatric and disabled people and the susceptibility of these groups to risk factors (i.e., overcrowding and immunosuppressive predisposition of these group), it seems that controlling and treating the infection is important.

Keywords: Intestinal parasites, Prevalence, Geriatric, Disabled, Kashan
Full-Text [PDF 130 kb]   (2386 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/05/5 | Revised: 2009/05/9 | Published: 2009/01/15
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Rasti S, Arbabi M, Hooshyar H. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among the geriatric and disabled in Golabchi Center of Kashan during 2006-2007. Feyz 2009; 12 (4) :78-82
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-689-en.html

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Volume 12, Issue 4 (Quaterly 2009) Back to browse issues page
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