1. Akhavan MM, Foroutan T, Safari M, Sadighi-Moghaddam B, Emami-Abarghoie M, Rashidy-Pour A. Prenatal exposure to maternal voluntary exercise during pregnancy provides protection against mild chronic postnatal hypoxia in rat offspring. Pak J Pharm Sci 2012; 25(1): 233-38.
2. Levine TA, Grunau RE, McAuliffe FM, Pinnamaneni R, Foran A, Alderdice FA. Early childhood neurodevelopment after intrauterine growth restriction: a systematic review. Pediatrics 2015; 135(1):126-41.
3. Wei B, Li L, He A, Zhang Y, Sun M, Xu Z. Hippocampal NMDAR-Wnt-Catenin signaling disrupted with cognitive deficits in adolescent offspring exposed to prenatal hypoxia. Brain Res 2016; 1631:157-64.
4. Bamfo JE, Odibo AO. Diagnosis and management of fetal growth restriction. J Pregnancy 2011; 2011: 640715.
5. Fuhrmann DC, Dominik C, BRÜNE B. Mitochondrial composition and function under the control of hypoxia. Redox Biol 2017; 12: 208-215.
6. Weis SN, Pettenuzzo LF, Krolow R, Valentim LM, Mota CS, Dalmaz C, et al. Neonatal hypoxia–ischemia induces sex-related changes in rat brain mitochondria. Mitochondrion 2012; 12(2): 271-9.
7. Thornton1 C, Leaw B, Mallard C, Nair S, Jinnai M, Hagberg H. Cell Death in the Developing Brain after Hypoxia-Ischemia. Front Cell Neurosci 2017; 248(11): 1-19.
8. Ratnayake WM, Galli C. Fat and fatty acid terminology, methods of analysis and fat digestion and metabolism: a background review paper. Ann Nutr Metab 2009; 55:8-43.
9. Jung UJ, Torrejon C, Tighe AP, Deckelbaum RJ. n−3 Fatty acids and cardiovascular disease: mechanisms underlying beneficial effects. Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 87(6): 2003S-9S.
10. Carvajal JA. Docosahexaenoic acid supplementation early in pregnancy may prevent deep placentation disorders. Biomed Res Int 2014; 2014: 1-10.
11. Gould JF, Smithers LG, Makrides M. The effect of maternal omega-3 (n-3) LCPUFA supplementation during pregnancy on early childhood cognitive and visual development: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2013; 97(3): 531-44.
12. Jang EA, Longo LD, Goyal R. Antenatal maternal hypoxia: criterion for fetal growth restriction in rodents. Front Physiol 2015; 176 (6): 1-17.
13. Albert BB, Vickers MH, Gray C, Reynolds C M, Segovia SA, Derraik JG, et al. Fish oil supplementation to rats fed high-fat diet during pregnancy prevents development of impaired insulin sensitivity in male adult offspring. Sci Rep 2017; 7(1): 1-27.
14. Etten V. Recommended Methods of Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Euthanasia for Laboratory Animal Species. Inst for Anim Stud; 460 (718): 839-7100.
15. Ghotbeddin Z, Moazedi AA, Parham GA. Effect of combined administration of Zinc chloride and Aluminum chloride on memory and motor activity of young rats. J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol 2007; 11(2): 146-152.
16. Tolsa CB, Zimine S, Warfield SK, Freschi M, Rossignol AS, Lazeyras F, et al. Early alteration of structural and functional brain development in premature infants born with intrauterine growth restriction. Pediatr Res 2004; 56(1):132.
17. Businelli C, Wit C, Visser GH, Pistorius LR. Ultrasound evaluation of cortical brain development in fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction. J. Matern.-Fetal Neonatal Med 2015; 28(11): 1302-7.
18. Miller SL, Huppi PS, Mallard C. The consequences of fetal growth restriction on brain structure and neurodevelopmental outcome. J Physiol 2016; 594(4): 807-23.
19. Vannucci SJ, Hagberg H. Hypoxia–ischemia in the immature brain. J Exp Biol 2004; 207(18): 3149-54.
20. Volpe JJ. Cerebral white matter injury of the premature infant—more common than you think. Pediatrics 2003; 112(1): 176-80.
21. Innis SM. Dietary (n-3) fatty acids and brain development. J Nutr 2007; 137(4): 855-9.
22. Abu-Ouf NM, Jan MM. The influence of fish oil on neurological development and function. Can J Neurol Sci 2014; 41(1): 8-13.
23. Daniels JL, Longnecker MP, Rowland AS, Golding J. Fish intake during pregnancy and early cognitive development of offspring. Epidemiology 2004; 15(4): 394-402.
24. Yonekubo A, Honda S, Okano M, Takahashi K, Yamamoto Y. Dietary fish oil alters rat milk composition and liver and brain fatty acid composition of fetal and neonatal rats. J Nutr 1993; 123(10): 1703-8.
25. Duplus E, Glorian M, Forest C. Fatty acid regulation of gene transcription. J Biol Chem 2000; 275(40): 30749-52.
26. Wu A, Ying Z, Gomez-Pinilla F. Dietary omega-3 fatty acids normalize BDNF levels, reduce oxidative damage, and counteract learning disability after traumatic brain injury in rats. J Neurotraum 2004; 21(10):1457-67.
27. Yamada K, Han T, Senzaki D, Kameyama K, Nabeshima T. Protective effects of idebenone and α‐tocopherol on β‐amyloid‐(1–42)‐induced learning and memory deficits in rats: implication of oxidative stress in β‐amyloid‐induced neurotoxicity in vivo. Eur J Neurosci 1999; 11(1): 83-90
28. Sakai C, Ishida M, Ohba H, Yamashita H, Uchida H, Yoshizumi M, et al. Fish oil omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids attenuate oxidative stress-induced DNA damage in vascular endothelial cells. PloS one 2017; 12(11): e0187934
29. Clementi ME, Lazzarino G, Sampaolese B, Brancato A, Tringali G. DHA protects PC12 cells against oxidative stress and apoptotic signals through the activation of the NFE2L2/HO-1 axis. Int J Mol Med 2019; 43(6): 2523-31.