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Cytokines response during a month of detraining in trained and overweight men
Mahmoud Nikseresht * , Abdolhossein Taherikalani
Islamic Azad University, Ilam Branch , nikserasht@gmail.com
Abstract:   (22 Views)
Background: Training-induced physiological adaptations reduced during detraining, but researches are limited about the comparison of the effects of detraining after different types of training. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of a month detraining on cytokines in aerobic- (AT) and resistance- (RT) trained men.
Materials and Methods: In the present quasi-experimental study, 19 trained men (25-38 years) first were matched by physical activity level, age and body mass index and then assigned to RT (n = 10) and AT (n = 9) groups, based on the types of training. The groups were matched by physical activity level, age and body mass index. The subjects avoided to perform any exercises for a month. All subjects were taken blood samples to measure serum levels of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17A, and IL-20  before and after the detraining period.
Results: After 4 weeks of detraining, body fat percentage and waist circumference increased significantly and similarly in the AT and RT both groups, while the maximal oxygen consumption in these groups was significantly decreased (P ˂ 0.05). The concentration of IL-17A (P = 0.049) showed significant increases only with RT group only; however, no significant differences were noted in with IL-10 and IL-20 concentrations in response to the detraining period in the both groups (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: It seems that the negative effects caused by a month of detraining are more prominent in the RT group (increases in with IL-17A).
Keywords: Interleukin-17, Maximal oxygen consumption, Cessation of training, Active men
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/04/4 | Accepted: 2018/07/31
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