[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2018) ::
Feyz 2018, 22(3): 318-324 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the effect of one session of resistance training with and without blood-flow restriction of arm on changes in serum levels of growth hormone and lactate in athlete females
Mojdeh Khajehlandi * , Maryam Janbozorgi
PhD Student in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, I. R. Iran. , m.khajehlandi68@gmail.com
Abstract:   (510 Views)
Background:­ Exercise  trainings with blood-flow restriction have been effective in improving various physical factors and can be a unique and beneficial method in the field of medicine. Therefore, the current study aimed to compare the effects of one session of resistance training with and without blood-flow restriction of arm on changes in serum levels of growth hormone and lactate in athlete females. 
Materials and Methods: To perform the current clinical trial, 30 basketball players aged 23-30 years were randomly divided into three groups: traditional resistance training (intensity of 80% 1RM), resistance training with blood-flow restriction (intensity of 30% 1RM) and control group. Training started with one set of 30 repetitions and ended with two sets up to fatigue with the rest time of 30 seconds. Blood samples were taken  before  and immediately after completing exercise training. 
Results: Post-test findings indicated a significant increase in the serum levels of growth hormone in two training groups compared to pre-test, but the amount of  lactate ion in all three groups significantly reduced compared to the pre-test (P<0.05). Also, growth hormone levels in groups with and without blood-flow restriction increased significantly compared to the control group (P=0.001 and P=0.026, respectively).
conclusion: The pattern of growth hormone and lactate changes in both groups, with and without blood-flow restriction are similar to each other. It seems that for those who are not able to lift heavy weight, low intensity resistance training with blood-flow restriction can be replaced with traditional high-intensity training.
Keywords: Resistance training, Athlete females, Blood-flow restriction, Lactate, Growth hormone
Full-Text [PDF 190 kb]   (136 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/12/15 | Accepted: 2018/05/8 | Published: 2018/08/4
References
1. Abe T, Kearns CF, Sato Y. Muscle size and strength are increased following walk training with restricted venous blood flow from the leg muscle, Kaatsu-walk training. J Appl Physiol 2006: 100(5): 1460–6.
2. Abe T, Hinata S, Koizumi K, Sato Y. Day-to-day change in muscle strength and MRI-measured skeletal muscle size during 7 days Kaatsu resistance training: A case study. Int JKAATSU Training Res 2005; 1(2): 71-6
3. Fujita T, Kurita K, Sato Y, Abe T. Increased muscle volume and strength following six days of low-intensity resistance training with restricted muscle blood flow. Int J KAATSU Training Res 2008; 4(1): 1-8.
4. Madarame H, Neya M, Ochi E, Nakazato K, Sato Y, Ishii N. Crosstransfer effects of resistance trai‌n‌ing with blood flow restriction. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2008; 40(2): 258–63.
5. Holm L, Reitelseder S, Pedersen TG, Doessing S, Petersen SG, Flyvbjerg A, et al . Changes in muscle size and MHC composition in response to resistance exercise with heavy and light loading int‌en‌sity. J Appl Physiol 2008; 105(5): 1454-61.
6. Loenneke JP and Pujol TJ. The use of occlusion training to produce muscle hypertrophy. J Strength Cond Res 2009; 3:112-118.
7. Goto K, Ishii N, Kizuka T, Takamatsu K. The impact of metabolic stress on hormonal responses and muscular adaptations. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2005; 37(6): 955–63.
8. Hansen S, Kvorning T, Kjaer M, Sjogaard G. The effect of short-term strength training on human skeletal muscle. The importance of physiologically elevated hormone levels. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2001; 11: 347.
9. Costill D.L, Wilmore J.H., and Kenney W.L., Physiology of sport and exercise. Physiol Sport And Exercise 2012; 9780736094092-66, 78.
10. Spodaryk K, Szmatlan U, Berger L. The relationship of plasma ammonia and lactate con‌centrations to perceived exertion in trained and un‌trained women. Eur J Appl Physiol 1990; 61:309-12.
11. Hargreaves M, Mckenna MJ, Jenkins DG, War‌m‌ington SA, Snow RJ. Muscle metabolism and performance during high-intensity, intermittent exercise. J Appl Physiol 1998; 84: 1678-91.
12. [12] Fujita S, Abe T, Drummond MJ, Cadenas JG, Dreyer HC, Sato Y, et al. Blood flow restriction during low-intensity resistance exercise increases S6K1 phosphorylation and muscle protein syn‌thesis. J Appl Physiol 2007; 103(3): 903–10.
13. Loenneke JP, Wilson GJ, Wilson JM. A Mechanistic Approach to Blood Flow Occlusion. Review Int J Sports Med 2010; 31(01): 1-4.
14. Basereh A, Ebrahim KH, Hovanloo F, Deh‌ghan P, Khoramipour K. Effect of Blood Flow Restriction Deal During Isometric Exercise on Growth Hormone and Testosterone Active Males. Sport Physiol 2017; 9(33): 51-68. [in Persian]
15. Loenneke JP, and Pujol TJ. The use of occlu‌sion training to produce muscle hypertrophy. Stre‌ngth Cond J 2009; 31(3): 77 -84.
16. Pullinen T, Mero A, Huttunen P, Pakarinen A, and Komi PA. Resistance exercise-induced hor‌mo‌nal responses in men, women, and pubescent boys 2002; Med Sci Sports Exerc. 34(5): 806–813.
17. Goto K, Ishii N, Takamatsa K. Growth hor‌mone response to training regimen with combined high and low- intensity exercise. Int J Sport Health Sci 2004; 2: 111-8.
18. Khajehlandi M, Nikbakht M, Janbozorgi M. Comparing the effect of 6 weeks of resistance training with and without vascular occlusion on growth hormone levels in female physical education students. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017; 11(8): 29-36.
19. Godfrey RJ, Madgwick Z, Whyte GP. The exer‌cise-induced growth hormone response in athletes. Sports Med 2003; 33(8): 599-613.
20. Kim E, Gregg LD, Kim L, Sherk VD, Bemben, MG, Bemben DA. Hormone responses to an acute bout of low intensity blood flow restricted resis‌tance exercise in college-aged females. J Sports Sci Med 2014; 13(1): 91.
21. Takano H, Morita T, Iida H, Asada K, Kato M, Uno K, et al. Homodynamic and hormonal respon‌ses to a short-term low-intensity resistance exercise with the reduction of muscle blood flow. Eur J Appl Physiol 2005; 95(1): 65-73.
22. Hosseinikak A, Zamand P, Khademosharie M. Compare hormonal responses to two types of resistance training and unrestricted blood flow. J Sport Biosciences 2015; 7(3): 391-405. [in Persian]
23. Leite S N, Reis AC, Colnezi G L, Souza FH, Ferracini HF. Influence of Vascular Occlusion in Concentration of Growth Hormone and Lactate in Athletes during Strengthening Quadriceps Exercise. Occup Med Health Aff 2015; 3(195): 2.
24. Yasuda T, Ogasawara R, Sakamaki M, Ozaki H, Sato Y, Abe T. Combined effects of low-intensity blood flow restriction training and high-intensity resistance training on muscle strength and size. Eur J Appl Physiol 2011; 111(10): 2525-33.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khajehlandi M, Janbozorgi M. Comparison of the effect of one session of resistance training with and without blood-flow restriction of arm on changes in serum levels of growth hormone and lactate in athlete females. Feyz. 2018; 22 (3) :318-324
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3493-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3764