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:: Volume 21, Issue 1 (Bimonthly 2017) ::
Feyz 2017, 21(1): 74-82 Back to browse issues page
Determination of antibiotic resistance profile in Klebsiella pneumonia strains isolated from urinary tract infections of patients hospitalized in Peyambaran hospital (Tehran-Iran)
Marzieh Tavakol, Hasan Momtaz *
Department of Microbiology, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord. I. R. Iran. , hamomtaz@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2250 Views)

Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second prevalent infection in human  mostly caused by Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic resistance profile and detect the prevalence of antibiotic resistance encoding genes in K .pneumoniae isolated from UTI.

Materials and Methods: Fifty K. pneumonia strains isolated from 122 UTI samples of hospitalized patients in Payambaran Hospital (Tehran, Iran) which were subjected to this study (2014) were confirmed by standard biochemical tests. Isolates were tested for susceptibility to 10 antimicrobial drugs by using disk diffusion method. Antibiotic resistance encoding genes frequently include the aadA1, aac(3)-IV, sul1, blaSHV, Cat1, cmlA, tetA, tetB, dfrA1, CITM, qnr in isolates were determined by  PCR.  

Results: The highest antibiotic resistance in K. pneumoniae isolates were for Tetracycline and the lowest   resistance (2%) for Gentamicin and Imipenem. To determine the frequency of antibiotic resistant genes, 64% and 4% of isolates had tetA and Gentamicin-(aac(3)-IV)  resistant genes, respectively.

Conclusion: Frequency of antibiotic resistance encoding genes may have important and basic role in the occurrence and transfer of antibiotic resistance which can be due to the indiscriminate use of antibiotics.  

Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Klebsiella pneumonia, antibiotic resistance profile
Full-Text [PDF 326 kb]   (828 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/03/1 | Accepted: 2017/03/1 | Published: 2017/03/1
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Tavakol M, Momtaz H. Determination of antibiotic resistance profile in Klebsiella pneumonia strains isolated from urinary tract infections of patients hospitalized in Peyambaran hospital (Tehran-Iran). Feyz. 2017; 21 (1) :74-82
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