[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 20, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2016) ::
Feyz 2016, 20(3): 228-235 Back to browse issues page
Correlation between the ultrasonography findings with pain and impaired function in chronic plantar fasciitis
Gholam Reza Raissi *, Amin Arbabi, Bijan Forough, Arash Babaei, Tanaz Ahadi
Neuromuskuloskeletal Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I. R, Iran. , tannaz.ahadi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3627 Views)

Background: Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. Sonography has been proposed for early and differential diagnosis of heel pain.

Materials and Methods: The study was performed on patients with plantar fasciitis (n=40). After completing the demographic data, the pain intensity was measured using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS); foot and ankle function by Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) tests. In addition, ultrasonography of plantar fascia was performed. The t test and Pearson correlation were used for analysis.

Results: The Mean for plantar fascia thickness was 4.7±0.42 mm. A significant inverse correlation was observed between pain intensity during the day with foot limitation in daily activities (P=0.001) and during the exercise (P=0.017). A significant inverse correlation was found between morning foot pain and restrictions in daily activities (P=0.008). Plantar fascia thickness had no significant correlation with the variables studied. However, in women plantar fascia thickness had a direct and significant correlation with BMI (P=0.002).

Conclusion: Despite a significant correlation between plantar fascia thickness and BMI in women, no correlation was found between plantar fascia thickness with other variables. Therefore, weight loss in patients, particularly women, may reduce the thickness and symptoms of the condition.

Keywords: Plantar fasciitis, Pain, Impaired function, Sonography
Full-Text [PDF 250 kb]   (1867 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/08/9 | Accepted: 2016/08/9 | Published: 2016/08/9
1. Kim E, Lee JH. Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma Versus Dextrose Prolotherapy for the Treatment of Chronic Recalcitrant Plantar Fasciitis. PM R 2014; 6(2): 152-8.
2. Karabay N, Toros T, Hurel C. Ultrasonographic evaluation in plantar fasciitis. J Foot Ankle Surg 2007;46(6):442-6.
3. Sconfienza LM, Orlandi D, Cimmino MA, Silvestri E. A few considerations on "sonoelastography of the plantar fascia". Radiology 2011; 261(3): 995-6.
4. Wu CH, Chen WS, Wang TG, Lew HL. Can sonoelastography detect plantar fasciitis earlier than traditional B-mode ultrasonography? Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2012; 91(2): 185.
5. Mahowald S, Legge BS, Grady JF. The correlation between plantar fascia thickness and symptoms of plantar fasciitis. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2011; 101(5): 385-9.
6. Goff JD, Crawford R. Diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis. Am Fam Physician 2011; 84(6): 676-82.
7. Fabrikant JM, Park TS. Plantar fasciitis (fasciosis) treatment outcome study: plantar fascia thickness measured by ultrasound and correlated with patient self-reported improvement. Foot (Edinb) 2011; 21(2): 79-83.
8. Kayhan A, Gokay NS, Alpaslan R, Demirok M, Yılmaz İ, Gökçe A. Sonographically guided corticosteroid injection for treatment of plantar fasciosis. J Ultrasound Med 2011; 30(4): 509-15.
9. Chen CK, Lew HL, Chu NC. Ultrasound-guided diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2012; 91(2): 182-4.
10. Ellabban AS, Kamel SR, Abo Omar HA, El Sherif AM, Abdel Majeid RA. Ultrasonographic findings of Achilles tendon and plantar fascia in patients with calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease. Clin Rheumatol 2012; 31(4): 697-704.
11. Chen H, Ho HM, Ying M, Fu SN. Correlation between computerised findings and Newman's scaling on vascularity using power Doppler ultrasonography imaging and its predictive value in patients with plantar fasciitis. Br J Radiol 2012; 85 (1015): 925-9.
12. Sabir N, Demirlenk S, Yagci B, Karabulut N, Cubukcu S. Clinical utility of sonography in diagnosing plantar fasciitis. J Ultrasound Med 2005; 24(8): 1041–8.
13. Goff JD, Crawford R. Diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis. Am Fam Physician 2011; 84(6): 676-82.
14. Babaei A, Eftekhar Sadat B, Amidfar N, Shakouri K. The sonographic Evaluation of Plantar Fasciitis. Med J Tabriz Univ Med Sci 2013; 35(6): 58-63. [in Persian]
15. Mazaheri M, Salavati M, Negahban H, Sohani SM, Taghizadeh F, Feizi A, et al. Reliability and validity of the Persian version of Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) to measure functional limitations in patients with foot. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2010; 18(6): 755-9.
16. Gibbon W, Long G. Plantar fasciitis: US evaluation. Radiology 1997; 203(1): 290.
17. Wearing SC, Smeathers JE, Urry SR, Hennig EM, Hills AP. The path physiology of plantar fasciitis. Sports Med 2006; 36(7): 585-611.
18. Pfeffer G, Bacchetti P, Deland J, Lewis A, Anderson R, Davis W, et al. Comparison of custom and prefabricated orthoses in the initial treatment of proximal plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int 1999; 20(4): 214-21.
19. Chou LW, Hong CZ, Wu ES, Hsueh WH, Kao MJ. Serial ultrasonographic findings of plantar fasciitis after treatment with botulinum toxin a: a case study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011; 92(2): 316-9.
20. James P, Barbour T, Stone I. The match day use of ultrasound during professional football finals matches. Br J Sports Med 2010; 44(16): 1149-52.
21. Kane D, FitzGerald O. Re: The role of ultra‌sonography in the diagnosis and management of idiopathic plantar fasciitis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2003; 42(3): 486.
22. Akfirat M, Sen C, Günes T. Ultra‌sono‌graphic appearance of the plantar fasciitis. Clin Imaging 2003; 27(5): 353-7.
23. McMillan AM, Landorf KB, Barrett JT, Hylton BM, Bird AR. Diagnostic imaging for chronic plantar heel pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Foot Ankle Res 2009; 2: 32.
24. Kiritsi O, Tsitas K, Malliaropoulos N, Microulis G. Ultrasonographic evaluation of plantar fasciitis after low-level laser therapy: results of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Lasers Med Sci 2010; 25: 275-81.
25. Huang YC, Wei SH, Wang HK, Lieu FK. Ultrasonographic guided botulinum toxin type a treatment for plantar fasciitis: an outcome-based investigation for treating pain and gait changes. J Rehabil Med 2010; 42(2): 136-40.
26. Fernández-Lao C, Galiano-Castillo N, Cantarero-Villanueva I, Martín-Martín L, Prados-‌Olleta N, Arroyo-Morales M. Analysis of Pressure Pain Hypersensitivity, Ultrasound Image,and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic PlantarPain: A Preliminary Study. Pain Med 2016 Jan 6. pii: pnv022. [Epub ahead of print]
27. van Leeuwen KD, Rogers J, Winzenberg T, van Middelkoop M. Higher body mass index is associated with plantar fasciopathy/'plantar fasciitis' systematic review and meta-analysis of various clinical and imaging risk factors. Br J Sports Med 2015. pii: bjsports-2015-094695.
28. Ozdemir H, Yilmaz E, Murat A, Karakurt L, Poyraz AK, Ogur E. Sonographic evaluation of plantar fasciitis and relation to body mass index. Eur J Radiol 2005; 54(3): 443-7.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Raissi G R, Arbabi A, Forough B, Babaei A, Ahadi T. Correlation between the ultrasonography findings with pain and impaired function in chronic plantar fasciitis. Feyz. 2016; 20 (3) :228-235
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3080-en.html

Volume 20, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4227