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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Quarterly 2006) ::
Feyz 2006, 9(4): 36-42 Back to browse issues page
Effect of nutrition education on metabolic control of subjects with type 1 diabetes
Nadia Rezaei, Faride Tahbaz *, Masoud Kimiagar, Hamid Alavi Majd
Abstract:   (9214 Views)

Background: Medical-nutritional management can reduce the risk of progression of complications. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nutrition education on metabolic control of patients with type 1 diabetes in Aligoodarz in year 2001.

Methods and Materials: Firstly , Patients with type 1 diabetes were traced and recruited from medical centers. Then the study was performed with a semi experimental (self-control) design. Anthropometric measurements, diet survey and KAP study were conducted on patients with type 1 diabetes by a nutritionist. Biochemical indices were measured on blood and urine samples. The comparisons were made by paired t-test and MacNemar test. P values less than 0.05 were considered as significant.

Results: In total, for 30 patients FBS (239.84 ±12.61 vs 183.74±91.02) and TC (224.23±60.86 vs 163.86±34.08) decreased significantly (p<0.001). Also HbA1c%, LDL-C, and 24 hr urinary protein (for all p<0.001) and serum creatinine (p<0.008) decreased significantly. Cholesterol intake decreased (p<0.01) and dietary fibre, vitamin C and folate increased significantly (for all p<0.001). Both Knowledge and Practice scores increased significantly (for both p<0.001), while Attitude was not significantly changed.

Conclusion: Findings of this project highlights the importance of nutrition education of patients with type 1 diabetes for better metabolic control. Thus setting up a diabetes unit in cities like Aligoodarz is recommended, to register patients and monitor their metabolic control regularly.

Keywords: Nutrition education, Type 1 Diabetes, Metabolic control, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP)
Full-Text [PDF 264 kb]   (2347 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2008/10/29
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Rezaei N, Tahbaz F, Kimiagar M, Alavi Majd H. Effect of nutrition education on metabolic control of subjects with type 1 diabetes. Feyz. 2006; 9 (4) :36-42
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-119-en.html

Volume 9, Issue 4 (Quarterly 2006) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
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