:: Volume 25, Issue 6 (Bimonthly 2021) ::
Feyz 2021, 25(6): 1371-1377 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of physiological and pathological gastroesophageal reflux in newborns in Kashan
Mohammadreza Sharif , Hamidreza Talari , Hossein Mohammadi , Hossein Akbari , Mohammadjavad Azadchehr
Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran. , talari2008hr@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1757 Views)
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux is very common in infants and its diagnosis is not through clinical signs but through diagnostic tests, especially ultrasound. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of physiological and pathological gastroesophageal reflux in neonates born in Kashan.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 214 infants underwent ultrasound to assess the presence of GERD. First, the infant was fasting for one hour, then breast milk or formula was given as desired, and finally for 15 minutes in the mother's arms was upright position and an ultrasound was performed. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using chi-square and independent t-tests.
Results: The results showed that 180 neonates (84.1%) had reflux, of which 125 neonates had physiological reflux and the rest were pathological. Also, the type of GERD did not have a significant relationship with the variables related to the infant (sex, weight and type of nutrition) and mother (age, gestational age and type of delivery) (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux (physiological and pathological) was high in neonates, so it seems that screening for neonatal reflux with ultrasound and following the course of neonatal physiological reflux to recovery and also following the treatment of pathological reflux are useful in reducing long-term reflux complications.
Keywords: Gastroesophageal reflux, Physiological, Pathological
Full-Text [PDF 321 kb]   (642 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2021/08/5 | Revised: 2023/11/4 | Accepted: 2021/10/23 | Published: 2022/02/1
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Volume 25, Issue 6 (Bimonthly 2021) Back to browse issues page