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:: Volume 16, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2012) ::
Feyz 2012, 16(3): 261-272 Back to browse issues page
Risk factors associated with depression in type 2 diabetics
Eshagh Rahimian-Boogar *, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani
Semnan University , e_rahimian@sun.semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8274 Views)

Background: Depression is one of the most common psychological states in type 2 diabetes that contributes to adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for the incidence of depression in type 2 diabetic patients.

Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 254 type 2 diabetic patients were selected through convenience sampling among diabetes outpatient clinics of Tehran university of medical sciences and also Iranian diabetes society during 2010-11. Data were collected using demographic and disease characteristic questionnaire, patient health questionnaire, social support scale and diabetes self-management scale (DSMS) and then analyzed using Chi square, t-test and binary logistic regression.

Results: Increased pain and functional disability (OR=11.725), decreased social support (OR=3.086), decreased performance for diabetes self-care (OR=4.088), longer duration of diabetes (OR=1.328), diabetes complications (OR=2.324), the need for insulin therapy (OR=2.431), HbA1c>9% (OR=21.575), BMI>25kg/m2 (OR=2.251) and major life events (OR=14.043) were significantly different between the diabetic patients with and without depression (P=0.001). There was no significant difference in age, sex and socio-economic status between the two groups. The regression model correctly was fitted in 95.3% of the cases.

Conclusion: Pain and functional disability, poor social support, weaker diabetes self-care, longer duration of diabetes, diabetes complications, the need for insulin therapy, HbA1c>9%, BMI>25kg/m2 and the experience of major life events all together contribute to the incidence of depression in type 2 diabetic patients. The results of the study have implications for the prevention of depression in diabetic patients.

Keywords: Risk factors, Depression, Type 2 diabetes, Social support, Glycosylated hemoglobin
Full-Text [PDF 298 kb]   (3485 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medicine, paraclinic
Received: 2012/05/31 | Published: 2012/05/15
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Rahimian-Boogar E, Mohajeri-Tehrani M R. Risk factors associated with depression in type 2 diabetics . Feyz. 2012; 16 (3) :261-272
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-1499-en.html

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Volume 16, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2012) Back to browse issues page
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