:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Quaterly 2000) ::
Feyz 2000, 4(2): 47-53 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of head circumference growth during the first year of life among infants in Kashan
Ahmad Talebian *, Ahmad Ali Azimian, Mohammad Reza Sharif, Sayed Gholam Abbas Mosavi
, talebian_a@kaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8099 Views)

History and Objectives: Growth and development of children has an important role in life and one of the basis of general health. The most important determinants of growth in children are weight, height and head circumference. Because the most rapid period of growth of brains is the first year and increase of head circumference indirectly indicates brain growth, so, regular measurement of head circumference and it’s comparison with standard curves is important in health centers for monitoring of head circumference growth use from standard curves NCHS. Genetic, nutritional and social status of infants will have direct effect on the body growth charts and adjustment to a given population under study is essential. The present study is carried out to address such a purpose.

Materials and Methods: In this longitudinal descriptive study, 200 girls and 200 boys with weight between 2.5-4 kg born as the Shabihkhani hospital were evaluated in first 6 months, monthly and in the second 6 months. Bimonthly head circumference was measured and statistical analysis is presented.

Results: In this study average HC for boys and girls were 34.6 and 34.4cm respectively. The 50th percentage increment of HC in boys during the first year of life was 12.12cm and for girls was 11.56cm. Average growth of HC during the first 3 months of life in boys was 5.7cm, second 3 months 3.15cm and second 6 months of life was 3.25cm. Average growth of HC during the first 3 months of life among girls was 5.63cm and second 3 months was 3.02 cm and in second 6 months of life was 3.91cm.

Conclusion: In this study, average rate of HC after birth in boys and girls was similar to reference tests. In addition, head circumference growth rate during the first year of life in comparison with NCHS charts did not show any significant difference. So we used NCHS charts for monitoring HC growth in the Kashan.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2008/11/16

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Volume 4, Issue 2 (Quaterly 2000) Back to browse issues page