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:: Volume 25, Issue 3 (7-2021) ::
Feyz 2021, 25(3): 1009-1019 Back to browse issues page
Activation of Natural killer cells with interleukin 21 in the treatment of preclinical Neuroblastoma model
Alireza Shoae Hassani, Mahdi Shadnoush, Hadi Kazemi, Nasim Vosughi, Rashin Mohseni, Iman Seihoon, Javad Verdi *
Tehran University of Medical Sciences , jverdi49@gmail.com
Abstract:   (902 Views)
Background: Neuroblastoma (NB) is one of the most prevalent children's neoplasm and some of which still do not respond to common treatments and is an ideal candidate for NK cell immune therapy. In this research, we have performed cytokine activation of NKs by using proper interleukins to obtain more cytolysis which was evaluated in vitro and in vivo.
Materials and Methods: Isolation of NKs from human peripheral blood was performed using CD56 marker via magnetic activated cell sorter (MACS). The IL-2 and IL-15 cytokines were used for proliferation, and IL-21 for activation of cells. The neuroblastoma model was developed using the SK-N-SH cell line in Nude mice. The in vitro effect of the NKs on the two neuroblastoma lines were assessed after activation and via flow cytometry confirmation.
Results: The results showed that at the ratio of 1:10 the IL-21 activated NKs lysed 94% of the SK-N-SH and 91% of the CHLA-255 cell lines (P<0.05), in spite of the only 40% and 38% of lysis for these cell lines without activation (P<0.05), respectively. The NKs activated by IL-21 were able to eliminate 70% (P<0.05) of the xenograft neuroblastoma tumors in nude mice. Conclusion: The present investigation was showed that the activation of NK cells using IL-21 can be useful in the treatment of neuroblastoma and could be applied in future clinical trials.
Keywords: Immune therapy, Interleukin, Natural killer cell, Neuroblastoma, Preclinical
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/03/10 | Accepted: 2021/04/24 | Published: 2021/08/16
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Shoae Hassani A, Shadnoush M, Kazemi H, Vosughi N, Mohseni R, Seihoon I et al . Activation of Natural killer cells with interleukin 21 in the treatment of preclinical Neuroblastoma model. Feyz 2021; 25 (3) :1009-1019
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-4361-en.html

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Volume 25, Issue 3 (7-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
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