:: دوره 24، شماره 3 - ( دوماه نامه 1399 ) ::
جلد 24 شماره 3 صفحات 350-356 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
بررسی میزان شیوع افسردگی در دانشجویان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بلخ افغانستان
فیروز ایوب، فضل احمد باور، ساناز جوکار*
گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان، کاشان، ایران ، sanaz.joekar@gmail.com
چکیده:   (498 مشاهده)
سابقه و هدف: افسردگی یک بیماری شایع می‌باشد و درک عوامل تأثیرگذار بر آن بسیار مهم است. این مطالعه جهت بررسی میزان شیوع افسردگی در دانشجویان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بلخ صورت گرفت.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه مقطعی، ۲۵۰  نفر از دانشجویان دانشکده پزشکی به روش نمونه‌گیری دردسترس انتخاب گردیدند. از میان شرکت‌کنندگان در این پژوهش 126 نفر (50/4 درصد) زن، 124 نفر (49/6 درصد) مرد، 175 نفر (70 درصد) مجرد و 75 نفر (30 درصد) متأهل بودند. برای اندازه‌گیری افسردگی از پرسشنامه استانداردشده بک استفاده شد.
نتایج: از میان شرکت‌کنندگانی که نمره افسردگی در حد بهنجار داشتند، 26/9 درصد (34=n) زن، 35/4 درصد (44=n) مرد، 33/1 درصد (58=n) مجرد و 26/6 درصد (20=n) متأهل بودند. همچنین در میان افرادی که نمره افسردگی خفیف داشتند، 34/1 درصد (43=n) زن، 25 درصد (31=n) مرد، 2/26 درصد (46=n) مجرد و 3/37 درصد (28=n) متأهل بودند. نمرات افسردگی متوسط در 30/15 درصد (n=38 ) زن، 31/4 درصد (39 =n) مرد، 28/5 درصد (50=n) مجرد و 36 درصد (27=n) متأهل مشاهده شد. همچنین تعداد مبتلایان به افسردگی شدید به‌صورت 7/8 درصد (11=n) زن، 8 درصد (10=n) مرد و 12 درصد (21=n) مجرد گزارش شد و در میان متأهلان افسردگی شدید مشاهده نشد. همچنین مشخص شد که بین نمرات افسردگی و وضعیت تأهل رابطه معنادار وجود دارد( 0/005=P)؛ متأهلان اما ارتباط بین نمرات افسردگی با جنسیت معنادار نبود (0/351=P).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به شیوع بالای میزان افسردگی در دانشجویان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بلخ، پیشنهاد می‌گردد تا زمینه‌های مشاوره سلامت روان در اولویت برنامه‌های مسؤولان ذیربط قرار گیرد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: افسردگی، دانشجویان، شیوع افسردگی، پرسشنامه افسردگی بک
متن کامل [PDF 511 kb]   (97 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: عمومى
دریافت: 1398/5/28 | پذیرش: 1399/4/22 | انتشار: 1399/5/29
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دوره 24، شماره 3 - ( دوماه نامه 1399 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها