[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 24, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2020) ::
Feyz 2020, 24(3): 350-356 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of prevalence of depression among medical students of Balkh University of Medical Sciences, Afghanistan
Firoz Ayob, Fazl Ahmed Bawar, Sanaz Joekar *
Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medical, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, I.R. Iran. , sanaz.joekar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (499 Views)
Background: Depression is a common disease and understanding its influential factors is important. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of depression among medical students of Balkh University of Medical Science.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 250 students of medical school were selected by convenience sampling. Among participants, 126 subjects (50.4%) were women, 124 (49.6%) were men, 175 subject (70%) were single and 75 (30%) were married. Beck standardized questionnaire was used to measure depression.
Results: The results showed that among the participants who had a normal depression score 26.9% (n=34) were female, 35.4% (n=44) were male, 33.1% (n=58) were single and 26/6% (20=n) were married. Also, among those with a mild depression score, 34.1% (n=43%) were female, 25% (n=31) were male, 26.2% (n=46) were single, and 37.3% (n=28) were married. Moderate depression scores were observed in 30.15% (n=38) female, 31.4% (n=39) male, 28.5% (n=50) single and 36% (n=27) marred participants. Also, the number of people with severe depression was reported to be 8.7% (n=11) of female, 8% (n=10) male, and 12% (n=21) single participants and there was no severe depression reported among married participants. It was also found that there was a significant relationship between depression scores and marital status (P=0.005), but the relationship between depression scores and gender was not significant (P=0.351).
Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of depression among medical students of Balkh University of Medical Sciences, it is suggested that the areas of mental health counseling should be prioritized by relevant authorities.
Keywords: Keywords: Depression, Students, Depression, Beck Depression Inventory
Full-Text [PDF 511 kb]   (97 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/08/19 | Accepted: 2020/07/12 | Published: 2020/08/19
References
1. Kaplan H, Sadock B. Synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences, clinical psychiatry. Rafie H, Sobhanian KH (Persian translator). Tehran: Arjomand Puplication; 2003: 78-85, 95-116, 135, 182, and 187. [in Persian]
2. Marcus M, Yasamy MT, van Ommeren M, Chisholm D, Saxena S, et al. Depression: a global public health concern. WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse 2012; 1:6–8.
3. Moussavi S, Chatterji S, Verdes E, Tandon A, Patel V, Ustun B. Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: Results from the world health surveys. Lancet 2007; 370(9590): 851–8.
4. Sherina MS, Rampal L, Kaneson N. Psychological stress among undergraduate medical students. Med J Malaysia 2004; 59(2): 207–11.
5. Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Shanafelt TD. Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students. J Acad Med 2006; 81(4): 354–73.
6. Bramness JG, Fixdal TC, Vaglum P. Effect of medical school stress on the mental health of medical students in early and late clinical curriculum. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1991; 84(4): 340–5.
7. Naidoo S, Van Wyk J, Higgins-Opitz SB, Moodley K. An evaluation of stress in medical students at a South African university. S Afr Fam Pract 2014; 56(5): 258–62.
8. Fahrenkopf AM, Sectish TC, Barger LK, Sharek PJ, Lewin D, Chiang VW, et al. Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study. BMJ (Clinical research ed). 2008; 336(7642): 488–91.
9. Jorm AF. Mental health literacy: public knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders. Br J Psychiatry 2000; 177: 396-401.
10. Sreeramareddy CT, Shanker PR, Binu VS, Mukhopadhyay C, Ray B, Menezes RG. Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal. BMC Med Edu 2007; 7: 26.
11. Dahlin M, Joneberg N, RunesonB. Stress and depression among medical students: a cross sectional study. Med Educ 2005; 39(6): 594-604.
12. Sherina MS, Rampal L, KenesonN. Psychological stress among undergraduate medical students. Med J Malaysia 2004; 59(2): 207-11.
13. Puthran R, Zhang MW, Tam WW, Ho RC. Prevalence of depression amongst medical students: a meta-analysis. Med Educ 2016; 50(4): 456–68.
14. Sreeramareddy CT, Shankar PR, Binu VS, Mukhopadhyay C, Ray B, Menezes RG. Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal. BMC Med Educ 2007; 7: 26.
15. Rotenstein LS, Ramos MA, Torre M, Segal JB, Peluso MJ, Guille C, et al. Prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation among medical students: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2016; 316(21): 2214–36.
16. Eisenberg D, Chung H. Adequacy of depression treatment among college students in the United States. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2012; 34(3): 213-20.
17. Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Shanafelt TD. Medical student distress: causes, consequences, and proposed solutions. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005; 80(12): 1613–22.
18. Dyrbye LN, West CP, Satele D, Boone S, Tan L, Sloan J, et al. Burnout among U.S. medical students, residents, and early career physicians relative to the general U.S. population. Acad Med 2014; 89(3): 443–51.
19. Jackson W. Mindfulness and perfectionism in dentistry. J Mass Dent Soc 2017; 66(1): 12–13.
20. Heinen I, Bullinger M, Kocalevent RD. Perceived stress in first year medical students – associations with personal resources and emotional distress. BMC Med Educ 2017; 17(1): 4.
21. Haslam C, Atkinson S, Brown S, Haslam RA. Perceptions of the impact of depression and anxiety and the medications for these conditions on safety in the workplace. Occup Environ Med 2005; 62: 538-45.
22. Williams CD, Schouten R. Assessment of occupational impairment and disability from depression. J Occup Environ Med 2008; 50: 441-50.
23. World Health Organization. Social determinants of health in countries in conflict: a perspective from the Eastern Mediterranean Region. World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean; Cairo: 2008.
24. Scholte WF, Olff M, Ventevogel P. Mental health symptoms following war and repression in eastern Afghanistan. JAMA 2004; 292: 585–93
25. Cardozo BL, Bilukha OO, Crawford CAG. Mental health, social functioning, and disability in postwar Afghanistan. JAMA 2004; 292: 575–84.
26. Panter-Brick C, Eggerman M, Gonzalez V, Safdar S. Violence, suffering, and mental health in Afghanistan: a school-based survey. Lancet 2009; 374(9692): 807–16.
27. Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK. Beck depression inventory-II. San Antonio. 1996.
28. Ghasemi SM, Rajabnia F, Saadatian V, Meshkat M. The frequency of depression and related factors among the medical and paramedical students of Mashhad Islamic Azad University during year 2007-2008. J Med Sci Islamic Azad Univ Mashad 2009; 4(3): 181-7. [in Persian]
29. Mata DA, Ramos MA, Bansal N, Khan R, Guille C, Di Angelantonio E, Sen S. Prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms among resident physicians: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2015; 314(22): 2373–83.
30. Ibrahim MB, Abdelreheem MH. Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria University. Alexandria J Med 2015; 51(2): 167-73.
31. Sharma A, Gupta SK, Khare N, Agarwal SS. Assessment of depression among medical students of private university in Bhopal, India. Ntl J Community Med 2015; 6: 2832.
32. Shi M, Liu L, Wang ZY, Wang L. Prevalence of depressive symptoms and its correlations with positive psychological variables among Chinese medical students: an exploratory cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry 2016; 16: 3.
33. Dahlin M, Runeson B. Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among medical students entering clinical training: a three year prospective questionnaire and interview-based study. BMC Med Edu 2007(7):6.
34. Fahrenkopf AM, Sectish TC, Barger LK. Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study. Br Med J 2008; 336: 488-91.
35. Dahlin M, Joneborg N, Runeson B. Stress and depression among medical students: a cross-sectional study. Med Educ. 2005; 39(6): 594–604.
36. Rezaei T, Yazdi-Ravandi S,Ghaleiha A, Seif Rabiei M A. Depression among medical students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in 2014: The Role of demographic variables. PSJ 2015; 13(4): 1-8. [in Persian]
37. Jalilian F, Emdadi S, Karimi M, Barati M, Gharibnavaz H. Depression among college students, the role of general self-efficacy and perceived social support. Sci J Hamdan Univ Med Sci 2012; 18(4): 60-6. [in Persian]
38. Amani F, Sohrabi B, Sadeghih S, Mashreghi M. The prevalence of depression among students of Ardabil University of Medical Sceiences in 2003. Sci J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2004; 3(11): 7-11. [in Persian]
39. Burke RJ, Weir T. Marital Helping Relationships: The Moderators Between Stress and Well-Being. J Psychol. 2010; 95(1): 121-30.
40. [40] Ibrahim AK, Kelly SJ, Adams CE, Glazebrook C. A systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. J Psychiatr Res 2013; 47(3): 391–400.
41. Stewart NN, Carlson-Babila S, Bonaventure SD, Kilton N, Maxime T, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with depression among medical students in Cameroon: a cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry 2017; 17: 216.
42. Russell, J.M., Patterson, J. & Baker, A.M. Depression in the Workplace. Dis-Manage-Health-Outcomes 1998; 4: 135–42.
43. Andrews G, Henderson S, Hall W. Prevalence, comorbidity, disability and service utilisation: overview of the Australian National Mental Health Survey. Br J Psychiatry 2001; 178: 145-53.
44. Clarke DM, Currie KC. Depression, anxiety and their relationship with chronic diseases: a review of the epidemiology, risk and treatment evidence. Med J Aust 2009; 190(7 suppl): S54–60.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ayob F, Bawar F A, Joekar S. Investigation of prevalence of depression among medical students of Balkh University of Medical Sciences, Afghanistan. Feyz. 2020; 24 (3) :350-356
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-3959-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 3 (Bimonthly 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی فیض ::: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان KAUMS Journal ( FEYZ )
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4217