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:: Volume 19, Issue 5 (Bimonthly 2015) ::
Feyz 2015, 19(5): 424-429 Back to browse issues page
The association between low birth weight and asthma during the first three years of life
Ziba Mosaiebi , Amin Sadat Sharif , Reyhaneh Sadat Sharif , Marzieh Heidarzadeh-Arani *
Kashan University of Medical Sciences , marz_heidar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3278 Views)

Background: Previous studies on the relation between birth weight and childhood asthma have had conflicting results. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of birth weight on asthma during the first three years of life.

Materials and Methods: This cohort study was performed on 240 neonates in Kashan city between 2009 and 2013(during a period of four years). Subjects were allocated into two groups of low and normal birth weight and were then observed for having asthma over the next three years. Child’s asthma was evaluated by physical examination and, if possible, by using a peak flow meter.

Results: A total of 80 underweight and 134 normal weight children participated in this study. Twenty-one percent of children with low birth weight and 10.4% of children with normal birth weight were affected by asthma (P=0.03). The mean age of developing asthma was 21.53±7.66 months in the low birth weight group and 27.43±6.54 months in the normal weight group (P=0.03). After adjusting for the effect of confounding variables, a significant relationship was found between birth weight and developing asthma (P=0.04).

Conclusion: The results of the present study reveal that low birth weight can be an independent risk factor for developing asthma during the first three years of life.

Keywords: Asthma, Birth weight, Neonate
Full-Text [PDF 157 kb]   (1341 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/12/23 | Revised: 2015/12/23 | Accepted: 2015/12/23 | Published: 2015/12/23
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Mosaiebi Z, Sharif A S, Sharif R S, Heidarzadeh-Arani M. The association between low birth weight and asthma during the first three years of life. Feyz 2015; 19 (5) :424-429
URL: http://feyz.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-2865-en.html

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This open access journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial ۴.۰ International License. CC BY-NC ۴. Design and publishing by Kashan University of Medical Sciences.
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Volume 19, Issue 5 (Bimonthly 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی فیض Feyz Medical Sciences Journal
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